Skin Discoloration After Sunburn – Is It Temporary?

Skin Discoloration

There are two types of skin discoloration but a variety of problems that can cause it. Hypopigmentation is when a patch of skin loses color. Hyperpigmentation is the development of darker patches.

Hyperpigmentation skin discoloration happens when there is excess melanin production. Melanin colors the skin. People with Addison’s disease, those who are pregnant, and those who take hormones in the form of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy are more likely to develop this type of skin discoloration. Some drugs like antiarrhythmics, antibiotics and antimalaria drugs can also cause parts of the skin to darken. In all these cases, exposure to sunlight makes the skin discoloration worse.

Hypopigmentation can occur as a result of a disease like vitiligo. Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly targets the cells that make pigment and destroys them. The person develops white patches on skin that are smooth. There is no cure for vitiligo. It affects about 1 in every 100 people in the United States. A major cause of hypopigmentation is trauma in the form of blisters, skin infection, and burns. Severe sunburn can cause loss of pigmentation of the skin. Even if you use home remedies for sunburn, you can’t undo the damage done by burning. Although it may take a long time for your skin to produce pigment and recolor the skin, it usually does. If your loss of color comes as a result of sunburn, you should be fine in time.

If you are looking for a skin pigmentation treatment, you should talk to your doctor. It is not advisable to try to treat the problem yourself. A trained medical professional can evaluate you and diagnose the exact nature of the pigmentation problem. Next, your health professional will discuss various treatment options that may or may not be available to you.