Pigmented Lesions in Children – What Could Be The Cause?

Pigmented Lesions in Children

While finding an oddly colored mark or lesion on your child can be scary, it’s actually something that you will be glad you found sooner than later. Finding anomalies on the surface of children’s skin allows for early identification and consistent monitoring of suspicious or potentially malicious markings. Skin abnormalities come in all shapes and sizes, from odd moles or freckles to tattoo removal scars, however, if what you see on your youngster’s dermis is causing you alarm, it’s best to have it checked by a healthcare provider. Your child’s pigmented lesions could be something completely harmless or something much more sinister.

The most dangerous of pigmented lesions occurring in children are those associated with melanoma. Luckily, the incidence of this dangerous cancer is rare in children; however there is still some association between pigmented lesions that form during childhood that can be related to melanoma down the road. For instance, severe sunburn on a beach as a toddler may manifest itself as deadly melanoma later in life. This is why finding and observing these features is important.

There are some skin pigmentation disorders that can occur in children such as Mongolian spots. These occur mostly on the extremities and lower regions of the body and are often apparent at childbirth similarly to other types of dermis disorders such as skin pigmentation white spots, which actually can be a result of a lack of pigmentation. Aside from the aforementioned causes of pigmented lesions in children, there are a number of other causes that can create these skin markings that can be the result of disease processes or conditions that are affecting the health of your child. That’s why proper evaluation of any abnormal skin spots receives proper medical assessment.

The most frequent cause of pigmented lesions in children is sun exposure. Frequent or unprotected time in the sun can lead to a whole host of problems on the skin’s surface. Freckles and moles and sun spots are the most common, however more serious conditions can arise should conditions persist. This is why it’s absolutely imperative that your child be lathered in properly protective sunblock before going outdoors and also to be properly dressed, covering up as much exposed area as is comfortable for the weather conditions. Hats and umbrellas are invaluable additional tools to keep the rays from damaging your child’s sensitive skin.

If you are noticing that your child is developing new or unusual pigmented lesions, be sure to point them out at an appointment with your child’s health care provider. He or she will want to examine and monitor the markings to ensure that they are benign. Additionally, pay attention to the lesions at home, and any that you notice changing in size, shape or color, make sure to have evaluated right away. Your child’s physician will need to interpret these changes. There is typically little to be worried about when it comes to pigmented lesions in children, but knowing what to look for and when to be concerned can be valuable information that could potentially influence the future health of your child.